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2nd Grade

Second grade is the year that students truly begin to sound like great readers.  Their fluency, or how smoothly they read, takes on a more confident tone and begins to have emotion and intonation that matches the meaning of the sentences they read.  Though spelling was a key part of first grade, it becomes even more important in second grade as the students are learning to identify a wide range of spelling patterns.  In addition to spelling, grammatical structures become a strong focus as kids move from emergent writers into independent writers.  Students are expected to write complete sentences with details and be able to combine them into paragraphs.  Though they won't be expected to master their multiplication facts until third grade, second graders are introduced to the concepts of multiplying and dividing while also expanding their adding and subtracting speed and accuracy.  With their stronger reading skills, story problems are practiced extensively.   Students explore concepts in the life sciences, physical sciences, and earth sciences that can easily be seen and found in the world around them.  For history and social sciences, they are introduced to very basic concepts about government and economics while also developing map skills.

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Below is a brief list of Key academic skills that students are expected to have mastered by the end of second grade.  For a complete list of the California State Standards for Education, follow this link to the California Department of Education's website.

Click here for Work and Study Habits and Citizenship Expectations

Language Arts: Reading/Oral Language
  • Students will be able to read at grade level. (This refers to being able to sound out age appropriate words and read books with appropriate fluency.)
  • Restate facts and details, cause and effect, interpret information, state author's purpose
  • Compare and contrast plots, settings and characters
  • Identifies use of rhythm and rhyme
  • Recognize and use knowledge of spelling patterns and syllabication
  • Identify and understand multiple-meaning words, antonyms, and synonyms
  • Read aloud fluently with expression
  • Speak clearly at an appropriate pace
  • Report on a topic
  • Retell stories in a logical sequence

Language Arts: Writing
  • Group related ideas and maintain a consistent sequence and focus on a given topic
  • Revise and edit drafts for improvements
  • Understand and use reference materials
  • Print neatly and with correct spacing and letter formation
  • Use correct punctuation and capitalization
  • Spell grade-level appropriate words correctly
  • Identify and correctly use parts of speech (nouns, verbs, and adjectives)
  • Write complete sentences using proper word order

  • Understand numbers, quantities and place value up to 1,000
  • Adds and subtracts 2 and 3-digit numbers accurately
  • Solves simple multiplication and division problems
  • Recognizes and compares fractions
  • Solves problems using combinations of money, using decimals and $ and ¢ symbols
  • Adds and subtracts facts to 20 accurately
  • Finds missing numbers to solve equations
  • Interprets data from graphs and charts
  • Measures length of objects using standard and non-standard units
  • Understand units of time including minutes, hours, days, and months
  • Describes and classifies plane and solid shapes
  • Manipulates shapes to create new shapes
  • Collects and records data using graphs, charts, and tallies

  • Life Science
  • Physical Science
  • Earth Science

History/Social Science
  • Long ago and yesterday
  • Map skills
  • Our government
  • Producers and consumers (Economics)
  • People in history